What is Testicular Cancer? The Short Answer

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Although it does not get much publicity, testicular cancer is the most common malignancy among men 15 to 45 years of age.  

What is Testicular Cancer?

Testicular cancer is a disease that occurs when cancerous (malignant) cells develop in the tissues of a testicle. The development of cancerous cells in both testicles can occur, but is very rare. The disease usually is curable.

Cancerous (malignant) cells develop in the tissues of a testicle – image by aaurology.com

Although it does not get much publicity, testicular cancer is the most common malignancy among men 15 to 45 years of age. 

Doctor’s don’t know how to prevent the disease, but fortunately, it’s now easy to detect, and cure. Testicular cancer is highly treatable, even when cancer has spread beyond the testicle.

Testicular cancer is highly treatable – image by medindia.com

Depending on the type and stage of testicular cancer, you may receive one of several treatments, or a combination. Thirty years ago, testicular cancer proved fatal to 90% of its victims. Today the cure rate is 90%, and that includes advanced cases.

To reduce the threat of testicular cancer, all men should examine their testicles on a monthly basis. Monthly self-exams should start at puberty and continue until age 50. Testicular cancer is rare among older men.

All men should examine their testicles on a monthly basis – image by testicularcancerfoundation.com

Testicular cancer is especially common in men who have had an undescended testicle (whether or not it was surgically corrected), and in men with a personal or family history of testicular cancer.

The best time to do a self-exam is while showering. Testicular cancer takes several forms.  Treatment must be tailored to the particular form, although all cases necessitate surgical removal of the testicle, along with the attached structures (epididymis) and cord (blood vessels).

The best time to do a self-exam is while showering – image by adobestock.com

Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer include:

  • A lump or enlargement in either testicle
  • A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
  • A dull ache in the abdomen or groin
  • A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
Some symptoms of testicular cancer – image by invitra.com
  • Pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum
  • Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
  • Back pain

Cancer usually affects only one testicle.

If you have any comments or suggestions on the matter of Testicular Cancer, me and my readers would be delighted to hear your comments. Please use the comment section below. Thank you for your time today.

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