What is Urea? A synthetic organic

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STAMICARB HEADER UREA

Non-synthetic urea is a byproduct of the liver in humans and other mammals (another type of uric acid is produced by birds and reptiles), and is generally excreted as urine.

However, urea is high in nitrogen, one of the necessary elements for plant growth (and one of the major additives in plant fertilizer). Around the middle of the 19th century, scientists found a way to synthetically fabricate organic urea in large quantities, thus providing a way to increase food production for the world’s burgeoning population.

farmer
Urea is one of the necessary elements for plant growth – image by fertilizer-machine.com

By the end of the 20th century, it was in widespread use and production all over the world. Major producers of urea include the U.S., China, Russia and the Ukraine, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and a number of other smaller countries.

There are no accurate figures how much is produced worldwide, but it’s certainly in excess of 100 million tons.

What is Urea? A synthetic organic
Urea is in excess of 100 million tons – image by downtoearth.com

Cost of production is between $500 and $5,000 per ton, and I could find no accurate figures on average selling prices.

It is sold under a variety of names: carbomide, carbomide resin, isourea, carbon diamide, carbonyl diamine.

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